McMaster University’s 5MW research reactor is a source of neutrons for Canada’s future. (Photo: Submitted)
McMaster University’s 5MW research reactor is a source of neutrons for Canada’s future. (Photo: Submitted)

Neutrons Canada established to lead research infrastructure program

SASKATOON – Led by the University of Saskatchewan (USask) and McMaster University as co-chairs of the Canadian Neutron Initiative, 15 member universities have come together to incorporate a new not-for-profit research organization, Neutrons Canada.

The new agency’s purpose is to govern, manage, and represent Canada’s infrastructure program for research and development with neutron beams. This program will include international partnerships that secure access to world-leading neutron laboratories, operation of Canada’s domestic neutron beam facilities, and national initiatives for future neutron sources—each of which enable Canadians to address major social and economic challenges. 

Because everything is made of materials, innovation in materials underpins many technology advances to address challenges such as climate change, a clean economy, safety, security, and health. 

Neutron beams are irreplaceable tools for both application-driven materials research and fundamental research. Just like beams of light are used in a microscope to learn about materials, beams of neutrons scatter from materials to reveal details that cannot be “seen” with other scientific tools. 

Canada has been a global leader in research using neutron beams for more than 70 years. Until 2018, much of this research was centred around the now-closed Canadian Neutron Beam Centre at the Chalk River Laboratories. Neutron Canada will provide leadership of the research infrastructure program needed to fill that void. 

Today’s announcement builds on $57 million in investments, from federal and provincial sources and other project partners, in neutron beam infrastructure to establish a national neutron beam lab at the McMaster Nuclear Reactor and to gain access to world-leading neutron sources in the United States.  

Creation of Neutrons Canada is a key milestone in the implementation of the National Neutron Strategy, which was designed to rebuild Canadian capacity for this research field. This strategy was built by universities through the Canadian Neutron Initiative working group, through consultations with the research community over the past several years.  

Management of Neutrons Canada will be turned over to an independent board of directors in December.  


“Neutrons Canada is a truly national organization with 15 member universities across Canada, each of whom have substantial research activities that require neutrons. Researchers are already doing cutting-edge work in materials science, medicine, and energy using X-ray beamlines at our country’s only synchrotron, the Canadian Light Source at the University of Saskatchewan. Access to neutrons, which complement and add another dimension to their research, is essential to our province and to our global contributions as we continue to build capabilities in nuclear science, quantum science, and technology.
Baljit Singh, Vice-President of Research, University of Saskatchewan 

Maintaining a robust national program for the Canadian neutron beam science community is vital for the country’s international competitiveness. We need to optimize the use of our domestic neutron facilities, develop strategic global partnerships and plan for tomorrow’s infrastructure – of which the McMaster Nuclear Reactor is a key component. We’re so proud to be building Canada’s Neutron Beam Lab at McMaster University and look forward to supporting Neutrons Canada in integrating the facility into a national network and strategy.
– Karen Mossman, Vice-President of Research, McMaster University 

“Access to neutrons is essential for our members’ research addressing challenges such as making better batteries for storing clean energy for vehicles or the electricity grid, understanding and treating diseases such as cancer, and making discoveries for quantum technologies. We celebrate the creation of Neutrons Canada as a major step forward for our research fields.”
– Drew Marquardt, President of the Canadian Institute for Neutron Scattering 

More information  

What is “material research using neutron beams”? 
The fields of research for which beams from a bright neutron source are required span natural sciences and engineering and include certain areas of health research and the humanities such as treating cancer and non-destructive probing of historical artefacts. Neutron beams are commonly used to probe materials or objects, which could be anything from molecules to living systems. Just like beams of light are used in a microscope to learn about materials, beams of neutrons scatter from materials to reveal details that cannot be “seen” with other scientific tools. 

About the Canadian Neutron Initiative
The Canadian scientific community initiated the Canadian Neutron Initiative (CNI) in 2015, aiming to establish a new, pan-Canadian, university-led framework for stewardship of Canada’s capability for research with neutron beams, and thereby enable a national program for research using neutron beams to continue beyond the planned 2018 closure of the Canadian Neutron Beam Centre. The CNI working group is co-chaired by the VPs of Research of the University of Saskatchewan and McMaster University, and includes their counterparts at the University of Windsor, the University of Alberta, and Dalhousie University, and the president of the Canadian Institute for Neutron Scattering, which represents researchers who use neutron beams. 

Founding members of Neutrons Canada 

  1. Dalhousie University 
  2. McMaster University 
  3. Queen’s University 
  4. Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières 
  5. University of Alberta 
  6. University of British Columbia 
  7. University of Calgary 
  8. University of Guelph 
  9. University of Regina 
  10. University of Saskatchewan 
  11. University of Toronto 
  12. University of Waterloo 
  13. University of Windsor 
  14. University of Winnipeg 
  15. Western University 


For media inquiries, contact: 

Victoria Dinh
Media Relations Specialist
University of Saskatchewan

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